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The Oscars

The Academy Awards, or Oscars, is an awards ceremony dedicated to celebrating the best of film each year whether it be from an artistic or technical point of view. It is generally considered to be the most prestigious movie award ceremony in the world and has been running since the first ceremony took place at The Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel in 1929.

The most coveted awards are for Best Picture, Best Actor, Best Actress and Best Director though each of the 23 awards given on the night comes with its own degree of prestige.

Each category winner is awarded a copy of a golden statuette as a trophy, officially called the 'Academy Award of Merit' though it is colloquially known now as simply an 'Oscar'.

In 2002, the Dolby Theatre in Hollywood (previously known as the Kodak Theatre) became the presentation's current venue.

Academy Award for Best Picture

The Academy Award for Best Picture is the most prestigious award at the Oscars ceremony as it encompasses how well-made a movie is as a whole, with many factors taken into consideration as opposed to individual factors for the 22 other remaining awards.

The first film to win the award was Wings back in 1927/28, and the latest is Coda, which won in 2021.

Year Winner
2021 CODA
2020 Nomadland
2019 Parasite
2018 Green Book
2017 The Shape of Water
2016 Moonlight
2015 Spotlight
2014 Birdman
2013 12 Years a Slave
2012 Argo
2011 The Artist
2010 The King's Speech
2009 The Hurt Locker
2008 Slumdog Millionaire
2007 No Country for Old Men
2006 The Departed
2005 Crash
2004 Million Dollar Baby
2003 The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King
2002 Chicago
2001 A Beautiful Mind
2000 Gladiator
1999 American Beauty
1998 Shakespeare in Love
1997 Titanic
1996 The English Patient
1995 Braveheart
1994 Forrest Gump
1993 Schindler's List
1992 Unforgiven
1991 The Silence of the Lambs
1990 Dances with Wolves
1989 Driving Miss Daisy
1988 Rain Man
1987 The Last Emperor
1986 Platoon
1985 Out of Africa
1984 Amadeus
1983 Terms of Endearment
1982 Gandhi
1981 Chariots of Fire
1980 Ordinary People
1979 Kramer vs. Kramer
1978 The Deer Hunter
1977 Annie Hall
1976 Rocky
1975 One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
1974 The Godfather Part II
1973 The Sting
1972 The Godfather
1971 The French Connection
1970 Patton
1969 Midnight Cowboy
1968 Oliver!
1967 In the Heat of the Night
1966 A Man for All Seasons
1965 The Sound of Music
1964 My Fair Lady
1963 Tom Jones
1962 Lawrence of Arabia
1961 West Side Story
1960 The Apartment
1959 Ben-Hur
1958 Gigi
1957 The Bridge on the River Kwai
1956 Around the World in 80 Days
1955 Marty
1954 On the Waterfront
1953 From Here to Eternity
1952 The Greatest Show on Earth
1951 An American in Paris
1950 All About Eve
1949 All the King's Men
1948 Hamlet
1947 Gentleman's Agreement
1946 The Best Years of Our Lives
1945 The Lost Weekend
1944 Going My Way
1943 Casablanca
1942 Mrs Miniver
1941 How Green Was My Valley
1940 Rebecca
1939 Gone with the Wind
1938 You Can't Take It with You
1937 The Life of Emile Zola
1936 The Great Ziegfeld
1935 Mutiny on the Bounty
1934 It Happened One Night
1933 Cavalcade
1932 Grand Hotel
1931 Cimarron
1930 All Quiet on the Western Front
1929 The Broadway Melody
1928 Wings

Academy Award for Best Actor

The Academy Award for Best Actor is one of the top two awards for on-screen performance at the Oscars ceremony.

The first actor to win the award was Emil Jannings back in 1927/28 for his performances in The Last Command as Grand Duke Sergius Alexander and August Schilling in The Way of All Flesh

The most recent recipient of the award was Will Smith, who won for his role as Richard Williams in King Richard.

Year Winner Role
2021 Will Smith Richard Williams in King Richard
2020 Anthony Hopkins Anthony in The Father
2019 Joaquin Phoenix Arthur Fleck in Joker
2018 Rami Malek Freddie Mercury in Bohemian Rhapsody
2017 Gary Oldman Winston Churchill in Darkest Hour
2016 Casey Affleck Lee Chandler in Manchester by the Sea
2015 Leonardo DiCaprio Hugh Glass in The Revenant
2014 Eddie Redmayne Stephen Hawking in The Theory of Everything
2013 Matthew McConaughey Ron Woodroof in Dallas Buyers Club
2012 Daniel Day-Lewis Abraham Lincoln in Lincoln
2011 Jean Dujardin George Valentin in The Artist
2010 Colin Firth King George VI in The King's Speech
2009 Jeff Bridges Otis 'Bad' Blake in Crazy Heart
2008 Sean Penn Harvey Milk in Milk
2007 Daniel Day-Lewis Daniel Plainview in There Will Be Blood
2006 Forest Whitaker Idi Amin in The Last King of Scotland
2005 Philip Seymour Hoffman Truman Capote in Capote
2004 Jamie Foxx Ray Charles in Ray
2003 Sean Penn Jimmy Markum in Mystic River
2002 Adrien Brody Władysław Szpilman in The Pianist
2001 Denzel Washington Alonzo Harris in Training Day
2000 Russell Crowe Maximum Decimus Meridius in Gladiator
1999 Kevin Spacey Lester Burnham in American Beauty
1998 Roberto Benigni Guido Orefice in Life is Beautiful
1997 Jack Nicholson Melvin Udall in As Good as It Gets
1996 Geoffrey Rush David Helfgott in Shine
1995 Nicolas Cage Ben Sanderson in Leaving Las Vegas
1994 Tom Hanks Forrest Gump in Forrest Gump
1993 Tom Hanks Andrew Beckett in Philadelphia
1992 Al Pacino Frank Slade in Scent of a Woman
1991 Anthony Hopkins Hannibal Lecter in The Silence of the Lambs
1990 Jeremy Irons Claus von Bulow in Reversal of Fortune
1989 Daniel Day-Lewis Christy Brown in My Left Foot
1988 Dustin Hoffman Raymond Babbitt in Rain Man
1987 Michael Douglas Gordon Gekko in Wall Street
1986 Paul Newman Fast Eddie Felson in The Colour of Money
1985 William Hurt Luis Molina in Kiss of the Spider Woman
1984 F. Murray Abraham Antonio Salieri in Amadeus
1983 Robert Duvall Mac Sledge in Tender Mercies
1982 Ben Kingsley Mahatma Gandhi in Gandhi
1981 Henry Fonda Norman Thayer Jr in On Golden Pond
1980 Robert De Niro Jake LaMotta in Raging Bull
1979 Dustin Hoffman Ted Kramer in Kramer vs Kramer
1978 Jon Voight Luke Martin in Coming Home
1977 Richard Dreyfuss Elliot Garfield in The Goodbye Girl
1976 Peter Finch Howard Beale in Network
1975 Jack Nicholson Randle Patrick McMurphy in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
1974 Art Carney Harry Coombes in Harry and Tonto
1973 Jack Lemmon Harry Stoner in Save the Tiger
1972 Marlon Brando Vito Corleone in The Godfather
1971 Gene Hackman Jimmy 'Popeye' Doyle in The French Connection
1970 George C. Scott General George S. Patton in Patton
1969 John Wayne Reuben 'Rooster' Cogburn in True Grit
1968 Cliff Robertson Charly Gordon in Charly
1967 Rod Steiger Chief Bill Gillespie in In the Heat of the Night
1966 Paul Scofield Sir Thomas More in A Man for All Seasons
1965 Lee Marvin Kid Shelleen and Tim Strawn in Cat Ballou
1964 Rex Harrison Professor Henry Higgins in My Fair Lady
1963 Sidney Poitier Homer Smith in Lilies of the Field
1962 Gregory Peck Atticus Finch in To Kill a Mockingbird
1961 Maximilian Schell Hans Rolfe in Judgment at Nuremberg
1960 Burt Lancaster Elmer Gantry in Elmer Gantry
1959 Charlton Heston Judah Ben-Hur in Ben-Hur
1958 David Niven Major Angus Pollock in Separate Tables
1957 Alec Guinness Lt. Colonel Nicholson in The Bridge on the River Kwai
1956 Yul Brynner King Mongkut of Siam in The King and I
1955 Ernest Borgnine Marty Piletti in Marty
1954 Marlon Brando Terry Malloy in On the Waterfront
1953 William Holden Sgt J.J. Sefton in Stalag 17
1952 Gary Cooper Marshal Will Kane in High Noon
1951 Humphrey Bogart Charlie Allnut in The African Queen
1950 Jose Ferrer Cyrano de Bergerac in Cyrano de Bergerac
1949 Broderick Crawford Willie Stark in All the King's Men
1948 Laurence Olivier Hamlet in Hamlet
1947 Ronald Colman Anthony John in A Double Life
1946 Fredric March Sgt. Al Stephenson in The Best Years of Our Lives
1945 Ray Milland Don Birnam in The Lost Weekend
1944 Bing Crosby Father Chuck O'Malley in Going My Way
1943 Paul Lukas Kurt Muller in Watch on the Rhine
1942 James Cagney George M. Cohan in Yankee Doodle Dandy
1941 Gary Cooper Sgt. Alvin York in Sergeant York
1940 James Stewart Macaulay Connor in The Philadelphia Story
1939 Robert Donat Charles Edward Chipping in Goodbye Mr Chips
1938 Spencer Tracy Father Flanagan in Boys Town
1937 Spencer Tracy Manuel Fidello in Captains Courageous
1936 Paul Muni Louis Pasteur in The Story of Louis Pasteur
1935 Victor McLaglen Gypo Nolan in The Informer
1934 Clark Gable Peter Warne in It Happened One Night
1933 Charles Laughton King Henry VIII in The Private Life of Henry VIII
1932 Wallace Beery
Frederic March
Andy Purcell in The Champ and Henry Jekyll / Mr Edward Hyde in Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde
1931 Lionel Barrymore Stephen Ashe in A Free Soul
1930 George Arliss Benjamin Disraeli in Disraeli
1929 Warner Baxter The Cisco Kid in In Old Arizona
1928 Emil Jennings Grand Duke Sergius Alexander in The Last Command and August Schiller in The Way of All Flesh

Academy Award for Best Actress

The Academy Award for Best Actress is one of the top two awards for on-screen performance at the Oscars ceremony.

The first actress to win the award was Janet Gaynor back in 1927/28 for her performances in 7th Heaven as Diane, Street Angel as Angela and Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans as The Wife.

The most recent recipient of the award was Jessica Chastain, who won for her role as Tammy Faye Bakker in The Eyes of Tammy Faye.

Year Winner Role
2021 Jessica Chastain Tammy Faye Bakker in The Eyes of Tammy Faye
2020 Frances McDormand Fern in Nomadland
2019 Renee Zellweger Judy Garland in Judy
2018 Olivia Colman Queen Anne in The Favourite
2017 Frances McDormand Mildred Hayes in Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri
2016 Emma Stone Mia Dolan in La La Land
2015 Brie Larson Joy 'Ma' Newsom in Room
2014 Julianne Moore Alice Howland in Still Alice
2013 Cate Blanchett Jeanette 'Jasmine' Francis in Blue Jasmine
2012 Jennifer Lawrence Tiffany Maxwell in Silver Linings Playbook
2011 Meryl Streep Margaret Thatcher in The Iron Lady
2010 Natalie Portman Nina Sayers in Black Swan
2009 Sandra Bullock Leigh Anne Tuohy in The Blind Side
2008 Kate Winslet Hanna Schmitz in The Reader
2007 Marion Cotillard Edith Piaf in La Vie en Rose
2006 Helen Mirren Queen Elizabeth II in The Queen
2005 Reese Witherspoon June Carter Cash in Walk the Line
2004 Hilary Swank Maggie Fitzgerald in Million Dollar Baby
2003 Charlize Theron Aileen Wuornos in Monster
2002 Nicole Kidman Virginia Woolf in The Hours
2001 Halle Berry Leticia Musgrove in Monster's Ball
2000 Julia Roberts Erin Brockovich in Erin Brockovich
1999 Hilary Swank Brandon Teena in Boy's Don't Cry
1998 Gwyneth Paltrow Viola de Lesseps / Thomas Kent in Shakespeare in Love
1997 Helen Hunt Carol Connelly in As Good as It Gets
1996 Frances McDormand Marge Gunderson in Fargo
1995 Susan Sarandon Helen Prejean in Dead Man Walking
1994 Jessica Lange Carly Marshall in Blue Sky
1993 Holly Hunter Ada McGrath in The Piano
1992 Emma Thompson Margaret Schlegel in Howards End
1991 Jodie Foster Clarice Starling in The Silence of the Lambs
1990 Kathy Bates Annie Wilkes in Misery
1989 Jessica Tandy Daisy Werthan in Driving Miss Daisy
1988 Jodie Foster Sarah Tobias in The Accused
1987 Cher Loretta Castorini in Moonstruck
1986 Marlee Matlin Sarah Norman in Children of a Lesser God
1985 Geraldine Page Carrie Watts in The Trip to Bountiful
1984 Sally Field Edna Spalding in Places in the Heart
1983 Shirley MacLaine Aurora Greenway in Terms of Endearment
1982 Meryl Streep Sophie Zawistowski in Sophie's Choice
1981 Katharine Hepburn Ethel Thayer in On Golden Pond
1980 Sissy Spacey Loretta Lynn in Coal Miner's Daughter
1979 Sally Field Norma Rae Webster in Norma Rae
1978 Jane Fonda Sally Hyde in Coming Home
1977 Diane Keaton Annie Hall in Annie Hall
1976 Faye Dunaway Diana Christensen in Network
1975 Louise Fletcher Nurse Mildred Ratched in One Flew Over the Cuckoos Nest
1974 Ellen Burstyn Alice Hyatt in Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore
1973 Glenda Jackson Vickie Allessio in A Touch of Class
1972 Liza Minnelli Sally Bowles in Cabaret
1971 Jane Fonda Bree Daniels in Klute
1970 Glenda Jackson Gudrun Brangwen in Women in Love
1969 Maggie Smith Jean Brodie in The Prime of Miss Jean Brody
1968 Katharine Hepburn


Barbra Streisand
Eleanor of Aquitaine in The Lion in Winter

Fanny Brice in Funny Girl
1967 Katharine Hepburn Christina Drayton in Guess Who's Coming to Dinner
1966 Elizabeth Taylor Martha in Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
1965 Julie Christie Diana Scott in Darling
1964 Julie Andrews Mary Poppins in Mary Poppins
1963 Patricia Neal Alma Brown in Hud
1962 Anne Bancroft Annie Sullivan in The Miracle Worker
1961 Sophia Loren Cesira in Two Women
1960 Elizabeth Taylor Gloria Wandrous in BUtterfield 8
1959 Simone Signoret Alice Aisgill in Room at the Top
1958 Susan Hayward Barbara Graham in I Want to Live!
1957 Joanne Woodward Eve White / Eve Black / Jane in The Three Faces of Eve
1956 Ingrid Bergman Anna Koreff / Anastasia in Anastasia
1955 Anna Magnani Serafina Delle Rose in The Rose Tattoo
1954 Grace Kelly Georgie Elgin in The Country Girl
1953 Audrey Hepburn Princess Ann in Roman Holiday
1952 Shirley Booth Lola Delaney in Come Back, Little Sheba
1951 Vivian Leigh Blanche DuBois in A Streetcar Named Desire
1950 Judy Holliday Emma 'Billie' Dawn in Born Yesterday
1949 Olivia de Havilland Catherine Sloper in The Heiress
1948 Jane Wyman Belinda McDonald in Johnny Belinda
1947 Loretta Young Katie Holstrom in The Farmer's Daughter
1946 Olivia de Havilland Josephine Norris in To Each His Own
1945 Joan Crawford Mildred Pierce Beragon in Mildred Pierce
1944 Ingrid Bergman  Paula Alquist Anton in Gaslight
1943 Jennifer Jones Bernadette Soubirous in The Song of Bernadette
1942 Greer Garson Kay Miniver in Mrs. Miniver
1941 Joan Fontaine Lina McLaidlaw Aysgarth in Suspicion
1940 Ginger Rogers Kitty Foyle in Kitty Foyle
1939 Vivian Leigh Scarlett O'Hara in Gone with the Wind
1938 Bette Davis Julie Marsden in Jezebel
1937 Luise Rainer O-Lan in The Good Earth
1936 Luise Rainer Anna Held in The Great Ziegfeld
1935 Bette Davis Joyce Heath in Dangerous
1934 Claudette Colbert Ellie Andrews in It Happened One Night
1933 Katharine Hepburn Eva Lovelace in Morning Glory
1932 Helen Hayes Madelon Claudet in The Sin of Madelon Claudet
1931 Marie Dressler Min Divot in Min and Bill
1930 Norma Shearer Jerry Bernard Martin in The Divorcee
1929 Mary Pickford Norma Besant in Coquette
1928 Janet Gaynor Diane in 7th Heaven, Angela in Street Angel and The Wife in Sunrise: A Song of Two Humans